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What’s law got to do with it? - introduction

 

Welcome to “What’s law got to do with it?”

In this e-learning object we present different texts and small videos from relevant web pages, that we would like you to read and watch. The topics are from different areas of legal issues connected to research according to Danish Legislation and regulations. In relation to the content, you will have to answer some questions. The e-learning object consist of 16 parts.

Step 1: Research & Copyright

copyright orange vintage seal isolated on white

Working as a researcher you need to know about copyright. Please press the link – Research and Copyright and read the text.

The link opens in a new window and is from the Researcher Portal developed by the Committee for Protection of Scientific and Scholarly Works (UBVA).

When you are done reading, please return to this tab and answer the questions on the next page.

Step 2: Question 1 on Research & Copyright

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

What does copyright basically protect?

  • A
    Copyright basically protects literary and artistic work.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • B
    Copyright basically protects all work.
    Sorry, answer is not correct

The correct answers are A

The Danish Copyright Act §1 stipulates: "Den, som frembringer et litterært eller kunstnerisk værk, har ophavsret til værket, hvad enten dette fremtræder som en i skrift eller tale udtrykt skønlitterær eller faglitterær fremstilling, som musikværk eller sceneværk, som filmværk eller fotografisk værk, som værk af billedkunst, bygningskunst eller brugskunst, eller det er kommet til udtryk på anden måde." [Our translation: He/She who produces a literary or artistic work, holds the copyright to the work, whether this appears as one in writing or speech expressed fictional or non-fictional production, as musical or dramatic work, as cinematographic or photographic work, as a work of art, architecture or handicraft, or it has been expressed in another way.] https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/r0710.aspx?id=129901

Step 3: Question 2 on Research & Copyright

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

For how long does a copyright protection last?

  • A
    50 years after the death of the author.
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • B
    70 years after the death of the author.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • C
    75 years after the death of the author.
    Sorry, answer is not correct

The correct answers are B

Copyright protection lasts for 70 years after the death of the author.

Step 4: Question 3 on Research & Copyright

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

What does the copyright rules not protect?

  • A
    Underlying ideas
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • B
    Theories
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • C
    Works
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • D
    Abstract ideas
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • E
    Compilations
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • F
    Artistic performance
    Sorry, answer is not correct

The correct answers are A, B and D

Copyright does not protect: underlying ideas, theories and abstract ideas.

Step 5: Question 4 on Research & Copyright

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

Which of these researcher texts can be protected by copyright.

  • A
    Articles
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • B
    Dissertations
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • C
    PhD theses
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • D
    Textbooks
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • E
    Contributions to books
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • F
    Computer programs
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • G
    Working papers
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • H
    Oral presentations
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • I
    Lectures at conferences
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • J
    Power point slides accompanying the lectures
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • K
    Images: graphs, figures, diagrams, drawings, posters, photographs
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • L
    Sound recordings
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • M
    Films
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • N
    Compilations
    Congratulations your answer is correct

The correct answers are A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M and N

All of the above mentioned researcher "texts" can be protected by copyright.

Step 6: Question 5 on Research & Copyright

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

Who must sign the contract when a researcher publishes his/her work?

  • A
    The institution where the researcher is employed.
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • B
    The researcher.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • C
    They both have to sign the contract.
    Sorry, answer is not correct

The correct answers are B

Step 7: Question 6 on Research & Copyright

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

Who has the copyright to a developed computer program if no specific agreement is made?

  • A
    The researcher (developer) and the organization where the researcher is employed have joint copyright if no specific agreement is made
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • B
    The organization has the copyright if no specific agreement is made.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • C
    The researcher has the copyright if no specific agreement is made.
    Sorry, answer is not correct

The correct answers are B

As regards computer programs, section 59 of the Danish Copyright Act stipulates that the copyright to computer programs made by employees automatically is assigned to the employer, unless otherwise agreed. However, there is controversy in the legal literature whether section 59 also applies to computer programs created by university researchers. But there is no case law that may shed light on the issue.

Step 8: Research & Property Right

Growing Bacteria in Petri Dishes.

Working with data or data samples is a significant part of a researcher’s job. Therefore you need to know something about property rights.

The web page opens in a new window and is from the Researcher Portal (www.forskerportalen.dk) developed by the Committee for Protection of Scientific and Scholarly Works (UBVA).

Please press the link – “Research and property rights” and read the text. When you are done reading, please return to this tab and answer the following question.

Imagine you have finished your work as a PhD and you have started working in another organization. For different reasons you did/could not take your data/samples with you and you made no agreement with the university regarding the rights to your data/samples. Now you wish to make further studies and access/ take your data with you. Why can this be a problem?

  • A
    It won't be a problem.
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • B
    It can be a problem because there are no agreements made beforehand about the property rights, and therefore the data can belong to either you, the university or the group of researchers you have gathered the data with.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • C
    It can be a problem because the university might own the material (eg. refrigerator or computer) the data is stored in.
    Congratulations your answer is correct

The correct answers are B and C

Read more here: http://forskerportalen.dk/?p=917 "If there is no agreement to the contrary, a researcher may in some cases take material which he or she has collected and processed as part of his or her research, including own data compilations, etc. However, this does not always apply. In some cases, a data compilation, for example, may be considered as belonging to the research institution and not the individual researcher."

Step 9: Plagiarism, source references and good citation practice

COLOURBOX12160875

You can violate other’s copyrights if you plagiarise their work.

Please press the link – “Plagiarism, source references and good citation practice“, see the film and read the text.

The link opens in a new window and is from The Researcher Portal (www.forskerportalen.dk) developed by the Committee for Protection of Scientific and Scholarly Works (UBVA).

When you are done reading, please return to this tab and answer the following.

When is there a risk of being accused of plagiarism?

  • A
    When copying a text or something from a text without citing the source.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • B
    When taking over others theories or methods without citing the source.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • C
    When using litterature references of others.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • D
    When using the quotes of others without citing the source.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • E
    When using factual information without citing the source.
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • F
    When using something you have written and published earlier without citing the source.
    Congratulations your answer is correct

The correct answers are A, B, C, D, E and F

There is a risk of being accused of plagiarism: When copying a text or something from a text without citing the source. When taking over others theories or methods without citing the source. When using literature references of others. When using the quotes of others without citing the source. When using factual information without citing the source. When using something you have written and published earlier without citing the source.

Step 10: Declarations of authorship

Giving incorrect information about authorship is a violation of good scientific practice. Do you know the rules and regulations about authorship?
Please watch this film from The Researcher Portal about Declarations of authorship and answer the following 3 questions.

Step 11: Question 1 on Authorship

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

Is there a general rule stating that a PhD student’s supervisor has joint copyright to the student’s dissertation?

  • A
    Yes
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • B
    No
    Congratulations your answer is correct

The correct answers are B

There is no general rule stating that a supervisor has joint copyright to the PhD students dissertation.

Step 12: Question 2 on Authorship

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

When is a colleague or supervisor entitled to be a co-author on some of your research work?

  • A
    When he/she has contributed in the form of helping financing the research project .
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • B
    When he/she has set up lab equipment for the research project.
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • C
    When he/she has provided practical help with experiments in the research project.
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • D
    When he/she has contributed to the research project with personal creative contributions.
    Congratulations your answer is correct

The correct answers are D

If a colleague/supervisor only has contributed in form of financing, setting up lab equipment or have provided practical help with experiments in your research project, he/she should not be a co-author.

Step 13: Question 3 on Authorship

Man with puzzl. Isolated 3D image

Is the order of authors listed in a research paper regulated by copyright law?

  • A
    Yes
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • B
    No
    Congratulations your answer is correct

The correct answers are B

The order of authors listed in a research paper is not regulated by copyright law. There are however many different traditions depending on the field and no international consensus.

Step 14: Teaching & Copyright

ENGELSK Ophavsret-A4-2017

How much are you allowed to copy, print or scan from a work per publication per semester?

  • A
    20% but no more than 20 pages
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • B
    20% but no more than 50 pages
    Congratulations your answer is correct
  • C
    50% but no more than 20 pages
    Sorry, answer is not correct
  • D
    50% but no more than 50 pages
    Sorry, answer is not correct

The correct answers are B

You may scan 20% but no more than 50 pages per publication per semester. You may NOT: - scan materials that have digital access. - change the scanned text. - scan printouts from subscription databases. - scan newspapers and daily papers. - send the files by mail. Scanned files must be only be uploaded to password-protected intranet-sites, eg. your institution's LMS system, where login is mandatory. Always remember to cite your sources.

Step 15: Closing

Congratulations! When you have reached this page, you are through with the stand-alone e-learning object “What’s law got to do with it?”

If you would like to learn more about Danish regulations in relation to your research and teaching, we recommend you to look at the following sites:

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