What’s law got to do with it? - introduction
Welcome to “What’s law got to do with it?”
In this e-learning object we present different texts and small videos from relevant web pages, that we would like you to read and watch. The topics are from different areas of legal issues connected to research according to Danish Legislation and regulations. In relation to the content, you will have to answer some questions. The e-learning object consist of 16 parts.
Step 1: Research & Copyright
Working as a researcher you need to know about copyright. Please press the link – Research and Copyright and read the text.
The link opens in a new window and is from the Researcher Portal developed by the Committee for Protection of Scientific and Scholarly Works (UBVA).
When you are done reading, please return to this tab and answer the questions on the next page.
Step 2: Question 1 on Research & Copyright
What does copyright basically protect?
The correct answers are AThe Danish Copyright Act §1 stipulates: "Den, som frembringer et litterært eller kunstnerisk værk, har ophavsret til værket, hvad enten dette fremtræder som en i skrift eller tale udtrykt skønlitterær eller faglitterær fremstilling, som musikværk eller sceneværk, som filmværk eller fotografisk værk, som værk af billedkunst, bygningskunst eller brugskunst, eller det er kommet til udtryk på anden måde." [Our translation: He/She who produces a literary or artistic work, holds the copyright to the work, whether this appears as one in writing or speech expressed fictional or non-fictional production, as musical or dramatic work, as cinematographic or photographic work, as a work of art, architecture or handicraft, or it has been expressed in another way.] https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/r0710.aspx?id=129901
Step 3: Question 2 on Research & Copyright
For how long does a copyright protection last?
The correct answers are BCopyright protection lasts for 70 years after the death of the author.
Step 4: Question 3 on Research & Copyright
What does the copyright rules not protect?
The correct answers are A, B and DCopyright does not protect: underlying ideas, theories and abstract ideas.
Step 5: Question 4 on Research & Copyright
Which of these researcher texts can be protected by copyright.
The correct answers are A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M and NAll of the above mentioned researcher "texts" can be protected by copyright.
Step 6: Question 5 on Research & Copyright
Who must sign the contract when a researcher publishes his/her work?
The correct answers are B
Step 7: Question 6 on Research & Copyright
Who has the copyright to a developed computer program if no specific agreement is made?
The correct answers are BAs regards computer programs, section 59 of the Danish Copyright Act stipulates that the copyright to computer programs made by employees automatically is assigned to the employer, unless otherwise agreed. However, there is controversy in the legal literature whether section 59 also applies to computer programs created by university researchers. But there is no case law that may shed light on the issue.
Step 8: Research & Property Right
Working with data or data samples is a significant part of a researcher’s job. Therefore you need to know something about property rights.
The web page opens in a new window and is from the Researcher Portal (www.forskerportalen.dk) developed by the Committee for Protection of Scientific and Scholarly Works (UBVA).
Please press the link – “Research and property rights” and read the text. When you are done reading, please return to this tab and answer the following question.
Imagine you have finished your work as a PhD and you have started working in another organization. For different reasons you did/could not take your data/samples with you and you made no agreement with the university regarding the rights to your data/samples. Now you wish to make further studies and access/ take your data with you. Why can this be a problem?
The correct answers are B and CRead more here: http://forskerportalen.dk/?p=917 "If there is no agreement to the contrary, a researcher may in some cases take material which he or she has collected and processed as part of his or her research, including own data compilations, etc. However, this does not always apply. In some cases, a data compilation, for example, may be considered as belonging to the research institution and not the individual researcher."
Step 9: Plagiarism, source references and good citation practice
You can violate other’s copyrights if you plagiarise their work.
Please press the link – “Plagiarism, source references and good citation practice“, see the film and read the text.
The link opens in a new window and is from The Researcher Portal (www.forskerportalen.dk) developed by the Committee for Protection of Scientific and Scholarly Works (UBVA).
When you are done reading, please return to this tab and answer the following.
When is there a risk of being accused of plagiarism?
The correct answers are A, B, C, D, E and FThere is a risk of being accused of plagiarism: When copying a text or something from a text without citing the source. When taking over others theories or methods without citing the source. When using literature references of others. When using the quotes of others without citing the source. When using factual information without citing the source. When using something you have written and published earlier without citing the source.
Step 10: Declarations of authorship
Giving incorrect information about authorship is a violation of good scientific practice. Do you know the rules and regulations about authorship?
Please watch this film from The Researcher Portal about Declarations of authorship and answer the following 3 questions.
Step 11: Question 1 on Authorship
Is there a general rule stating that a PhD student’s supervisor has joint copyright to the student’s dissertation?
The correct answers are BThere is no general rule stating that a supervisor has joint copyright to the PhD students dissertation.
Step 12: Question 2 on Authorship
When is a colleague or supervisor entitled to be a co-author on some of your research work?
The correct answers are DIf a colleague/supervisor only has contributed in form of financing, setting up lab equipment or have provided practical help with experiments in your research project, he/she should not be a co-author.
Step 13: Question 3 on Authorship
Is the order of authors listed in a research paper regulated by copyright law?
The correct answers are BThe order of authors listed in a research paper is not regulated by copyright law. There are however many different traditions depending on the field and no international consensus.
Step 14: Teaching & Copyright
How much are you allowed to copy, print or scan from a work per publication per semester?
The correct answers are BYou may scan 20% but no more than 50 pages per publication per semester. You may NOT: - scan materials that have digital access. - change the scanned text. - scan printouts from subscription databases. - scan newspapers and daily papers. - send the files by mail. Scanned files must be only be uploaded to password-protected intranet-sites, eg. your institution's LMS system, where login is mandatory. Always remember to cite your sources.
Step 15: Closing
Congratulations! When you have reached this page, you are through with the stand-alone e-learning object “What’s law got to do with it?”
If you would like to learn more about Danish regulations in relation to your research and teaching, we recommend you to look at the following sites:
- University Library of Southern Denmark’s information site about copyright:
- The Committee for Protection of Scientific and Scholarly Work (UBVA): http://ubva.dk
- The Teach Legally Portal: http://undervislovligt.dk/?lang=en
- The Researcher Portal: http://forskerportalen.dk/?lang=en
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